Lom Pangar: Compensation and Relocation plan

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Lom Pangar: Compensation and Relocation plan

Projet : 

The Lom Pangar dam is a project for a new dam, 45m high, using a mix of RCC, riprap and embankment, with a crest length of 1300m, creating a reservoir of 6 billion cubic metres for the regulation of water in the Sanaga basin to secure national hydroelectric production.

The demarcation of the reservoir, with markers every 1000 m relates to the curve at level 672.70m which corresponds to the normal water storage level which happens one year in two and the curve at level 674.55m, which corresponds to the project’s highest water levels. The dam’s Environmental and Social Management Plan (ESMP) envisages compensation for properties situated within the maximum boundaries of the reservoir, under the highest water level.

The Compensation and Relocation Plan must identify all those affected by the project and justify their displacement (whether physical or economic) after a study on change solutions which would reduce these displacements to a minimum or avoid them altogether. The census that was carried-out identified 42 households situated in two villages and 10 households in 5 camps within the boundary of the future reservoir.
The Compensation and Relocation Plan lays out the criteria of acceptability for the affected parties, establishes compensation levels on lost capital and describes the level of help available to relocate affected households. The Compensation and Relocation Plan must ensure that the people affected by the project will have at least the same standard of living and physical and social environment as before the project. In order to protect the populations affected by the negative impacts of the project, particularly knock-on effects such as competition for resources and employment, inflation, a reduction in social support networks, reclassification and compensation activities must have measurable improvements in the financial conditions and social well-being of the people and communities affected.

A comparative study on options for crossing from Lom to Touraké described the initial state of current methods of crossing ( a cable ferry) , current requirements ( approximately 700 people per day) and their foreseeable evolution, a technical overview of solutions for re-establishing crossing on the tail of the reservoir (bridge, a passageway of submersible scuppers, a floating bridge, a motorized crossing), the definition of the feasibility phase of the two pertinent solutions (bridge and motorized crossing),the proposal of a solution using a financial study ( costs and revenues) and a multi-criteria analysis according to four sets of criteria: implementation and organization, socio-economic, environmental and regulatory policies which are coherent with other projects. The study led to the recommendation of a one or two way bridge.

Mission : 
  • Strengthening of the reservoir’s boundaries
  • Co-ordination of the Compensation and Relocation Plan; management from an on-site technical assistant
  • In conjunction with Oréade Brèche, completion of the comparative study regarding options for crossing from Lom to Touraké
Le projet
Pays/région : 
Cameroun
Client: 
Electricity Development Corporation
Période : 
2008-2011
Partenaires : 
Oréade-Brèche